Publications

Agoraphobia, simple phobia, and social phobia in the national comorbidity survey

Examined the prevalence, sociodemographic correlates, comorbidity, impairment, and professional help seeking associated with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-III-Revised (DSM-III-R) phobias (agoraphobia [AGP; with or without panic], social [SOC] and simple [SIM] phobia) assessed in the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS). The NCS involved 8,098 noninstitutionalized respondents (aged 15-54 yrs), and its diagnoses were based on a modified version of the World Health Organization's Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Results show lifetime (and 30-day) prevalence are 6.7% (2.3%) for AGP, 13.3% (4.5%) for SOC, and 11.3% (5.5%) for SIM. Lifetime prevalence estimates decline with age, suggesting a possible cohort effect. The majority of Ss with phobias reported at least 1 other lifetime DSM-III–R/NCS disorder. Perceived impairment is significantly less prevalent among Ss with AGP than Ss with SOC or SIM. A higher proportion of Ss with AGP sought professional help than Ss with SOC or SIM. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)