Beliefs about rape and women’s social roles: A four-nation study

S. Brownmiller's (1975) hypothesis that “rape myths” help support men's social and economic control of women was tested by examining the beliefs of Ss in the US, UK, Israel, and West Germany. Two self-report scales were used, one measuring the acceptance of rape myths and the other measuring restrictive beliefs about women's social roles. Ss for Phase 1, carried out in the US, included female and male undergraduates and women and men employed in a variety of occupations. Product-moment correlations between scores on the two scales were significant for all 4 groups. Phase 2 was carried out in the 4 countries. In addition to university graduates, Ss included secondary school teachers from the US and England, and women and men from various occupations in the US. Acceptance of rape myths was significantly correlated with restrictive beliefs about women's social roles and rights in all but 1 of the 19 groups tested. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)