Publications

Effects of salience of rape on sex role attitudes, trust, and self-esteem in non-raped women

45 female undergraduates were led to believe they were participating in a study of relationships between personality variables and attitudes toward several social issues. Ss expected that different persons would be asked to comment on different issues; however, for all Ss, the issue was rape. Ss who thought about rape prior to answering questions about themselves reported lower self-esteem, stronger belief in traditional sex roles, and lower trust in other persons than those who were not induced to think about rape. Achievement motivation and locus of control, on the other hand, were not affected by the salience of rape. Data suggest that rape has an intimidating effect on women who have never been raped as previously suspected in feminist literature, although not all variables suspected may be affected. (French & German abstracts) (11 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)