Overall, children born to teen parents experience disadvantaged cognitive achievement at school entry compared with children born to older parents. However, within this population, there is variation, with a significant fraction of teen parentsâ€™ children acquiring adequate preparation for school entry during early childhood. We ask whether the family background of teen parents explains this variation. We use data on children born to teen mothers from three waves of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (NÂ ~Â 700) to study the association of family background with childrenâ€™s standardized reading and mathematics achievement scores at kindergarten entry. When neither maternal grandparent has completed high school, childrenâ€™s scores on standardized assessments of math and reading achievement are one-quarter to one-third of a standard deviation lower compared with families where at least one grandparent finished high school. This association is net of teen mothersâ€™ own socioeconomic status in the year prior to childrenâ€™s school entry.