Impact of the JOBS intervention on unemployed workers varying in risk for depression

This reprinted chapter originally appeared in American Journal of Community Psychology, 1995(Feb), 23(1), 39-74. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 1996-09746-001.) Reports on the effectiveness of JOBS II, an intervention focused on enhancing the sense of mastery of recent job losers (n = 1,801) through the acquisition of job-search and problem-solving skills and inoculation against setbacks. JOBS II was also intended to prevent poor mental health and depression and to promote high quality reemployment. The study tested whether the efficacy of the intervention could be increased by screening and oversampling respondents who were at higher risk for a significant increase in depressive symptoms. Analyses replicated the findings of R. D. Caplan et al (see record 1990-06244-001) by showing that the intervention primarily benefited the reemployment and mental health outcomes of the high-risk respondents. This suggests the feasibility of enhancing the efficacy of this preventive intervention by targeting it for high-risk unemployed workers who could be identified prospectively. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved) (from the chapter)