Perceptions of parental support and depressive symptomatology among Black and White adolescent mothers

Examined parental support and conflictual relationships in 48 Black and White adolescent mothers (aged 14-19 yrs). Ss were interviewed when their babies were 3 mo old. Most Ss reported close relationships with both their mothers and fathers before and after the births of their babies. The perception of a supportive relationship with the mother after the birth of a baby increased more than the perception of a supportive relationship with the father. Perceptions of conflict were much higher for mothers than for fathers, and less conflict with parents was reported by Black than by White Ss. Older White Ss rated their fathers as more supportive than did younger White Ss, but these indifferences did not exist among Black Ss. The effects of self-esteem and parental relationships on Ss' depressive symptomatology were also examined. Self-esteem and supportive relationships with fathers were both negatively associated with depressive symptomatology. These data highlight the need to consider multiple factors that contribute to the emotional adjustment and psychological well-being of adolescent mothers. Implications for mental health service delivery are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)