The smell of bias: What instigates correction processes in social judgments?

Examined the role of people's naive, verbal theories in social judgmental correction in 3 studies involving a total of 333 undergraduates. Ss were either informed that contextual influences bias their judgment and asked to correct for the unspecified influence (blatant warning) or they were instructed that they should correct for the unspecified influence if they felt that there may be biasing influences (conditional warning). Results show that whereas blatantly warned Ss corrected under all conditions, conditionally warned Ss corrected their judgments when the source of bias was salient but not when the source was subtle. Implications for models of theory-driven correction are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)