Verbal processes in shape recognition

Tested 120 undergraduates in a single-stimulus recognition paradigm. Random shapes varying in association value were paired with relevant or irrelevant verbal labels during learning. Both association value and label relevance affected recognition performance. Examination of verbal processes occurring during recognition indicated that although both association value and label relevance affected the number of associations produced during recognition, label relevance had its principal effect on the number of “correct” associations. The occurrence of an association on a recognition trial increased the probability that S would report a shape as “seen before.” However, the occurrence of a correct association increased the probability of S reporting the shape as seen before even further to .98. A model of recognition in the single-stimulus recognition paradigm was outlined to account for these effects. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)