Work-family conflicts of women in the Air Force: Their influence on mental health and functioning

Examined the effects of work and family stressors and conflicts on Air Force women's mental health, including depression and role and emotional functioning. Data were analyzed from a 1993 survey of 525 Air Force women (mean age 32 yrs) from the reserve and guard forces who were activated for service during operations Desert Shield/Storm. Analyses of the data were guided by a comprehensive model of work-family conflict (WFC; M. R. Frone et al, 1992). The main contributors to depression were job and family distress. The stressors of each domain (job and family) contributed to the distress of each respective domain, while involvement in each domain reduced the distress level of each respective domain. WFC and family-work conflict had a bi-directional influence on each other. In addition to supporting the overall WFC model, the analyses also provided support for an extension of the model that included the separate effects of marital and parental roles on mental health. The extended model demonstrates that job and parental stresses have direct effects on WFCs and that job and marital distress and family-work conflict have an independent adverse effect on mental health. Whereas job and parental involvement have a beneficial effect on distress, they have an adverse effect on WFCs. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)